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PROPHET’S LAST SERMON – WHAT CAN WE LEARN FROM IT?

12th RabiulAwal – the day the most esteemed human being came into the world.

Prophet Muhammad is the man chosen by Allah to guide mankind, to show us all the correct path that will eventually lead us to success in both this world and the Hereafter. Tomorrow, we remember the coming of the most righteous and honourable man to ever walk on this earth and the deeds he has done throughout his life. As Muslims, have we truly followed what have been preached and practiced by our beloved Prophet? We claim to love him but do we really mean it?

In this article, let us ponder on a few things he have preached about in his last sermon, which is also known as the Farewell Sermon (خطبة الودا). The sermon was delivered by the Prophet on 9th ZulHijjah on Mount Arafat. Some of the points that he delivered are:

i) Sacredness of human life and property

  • The Prophet has said during his final sermon: “O People! Just as you regard this month, this day, this city as sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim a sacred trust.” His words follow the words of Allah in the Qur’an: “And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed] except by [legal] right. (6:151)” Just as said in the Qur’an and by the Prophet himself, we are prohibited to kill anyone without no right reason and justice. Instead, we should value each life with honour.

ii) Responsibilities between men and women

  • During his final sermon, the Prophet talked about responsibilities in relation to rights between men and women where he said: “O People it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women but they also have rights over you.” His words show that even though men have the rights over women, having these rights does not mean woman can be oppressed mindlessly. The Prophet then said: “Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under Allah’s trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers.” Husbands and wives should assist each other in growing and upholding a righteous household and not ignoring their respective responsibilities.

iii) Five pillars of Islam

  • The Prophet emphasizes on the importance of performing the five primary obligations as a Muslim that are known as the Pillars of Islam. He said: “O People! listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your five daily prayers, fast during month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Haj if you can afford it.” These duties will remind us the importance of remembering Allah and doing what He has commanded in the Qur’an, so that we will all be among the Righteous.

iv) Equality between races

  • No human being is different from another, regardless of their background and race. No certain groups of people have the right to oppress other groups. Human beings are not distinguished from each other except by their belief and their deeds. This message is delivered by the Prophet during his last sermon where he said: “All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a White has no superiority over a Black nor a Black has any superiority over a White except by piety and good action.”

v) Muslim brotherhood

  • In today’s world, we see so much violence, even between Muslims. Instead of fighting each other, Muslims should be hand-in-hand in working towards achieve success in this world and Hereafter. Our beloved Prophet has clearly said: “Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly.” This message also includes not to take each other’s property without permission. There is also another hadith of the Prophet that emphasises on the importance of strong bond among Muslims: “The parable of the Believers in their mutual love and mercy is like that of a living body: if one part feels pain, the whole body suffers in sleeplessness and fever.” 

vi) Seal of Prophethood

  • The Prophet has said about him being the final prophet during his final sermon: “O People! No Prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore O People! and understand words that I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Quran and the Sunnah and if you follow these you will never go astray.” We all know that Prophet Muhammad is the final prophet and there will be no more prophets after him. However, in our current world, we are faced with so many heresy about prophets who appear after Prophet Muhammad. Therefore, we must polish our religious knowledge so that we do not get onto the wrong path and be among those who are astray.

By looking at the above messages, we can see that the Prophet has showed us the to-dos and the not to-dos. We can also strive in following his footsteps by studying his sunnah. If we claim to love the Prophet, we should embed his sunnah into our daily lives. Even the smallest practice should be done, like putting on our sandal on the right foot first before the left, so that he will recognise us as his ummah on Judgement Day.

No person will be above the man who is the most noble and the most honoured by Allah – Prophet Muhammad P.B.U.H. Let us all make our salutations for our beloved Prophet, not only on his birthday but everyday. May we be among those who are with him on Judgement Day, inshaAllah.

 

Learn more about our beloved Prophet wherever you are and anytime you want to. Just send ON RSL to 25858, and you will receive stories about Prophet Muhammad P.B.U.H. on your mobile phone every day!

You can also get more stories about our Prophet by reading ‘100 Pesanan Terakhir Rasulullah’ and you can easily get your hands on the e-book here!

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